Periodontal Therapy

Plaque is a natural bacterial biofilm that continuously forms on the surface of teeth.  Bacterial plaque hardens over time to become calculus, commonly referred to as tarter, which is mineralized plaque. Calculus can only be effectively removed with specialized instrument known as scalers. Gingivitis is a mild and reversible periodontal disease marked by gingival inflammation but no bone loss or soft tissue attachment loss.

The goal of periodontal treatment is to stabilize the natural dentition and supporting tissues, i.e. reverse gingivitis or arrest periondontitis. This can be achieved by disrupting the pathogenic bacterial flora and cleansing the root surface to a smooth finish in order to allow the soft tissues to heal and regain attachment.

Scaling is the mechanical removal of calculus deposits, while root planning refers to re-contouring and smoothing root surfaces.  A combination of hand instruments and ultrasonic scalers is commonly used.

Attention to everyday oral hygiene (brushing and flossing), coupled with professional cleanings twice a year, could be all that’s needed to prevent and actually reverse the early stage of gum disease. If you have gum disease, Dr. Xu will identify it during your exam and recommend the best treatment for the level of severity.